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How Can We Manage Time/Life and Sikhi?
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Sikhi and our lives are not two separate things. We're trying to ingrain Sikhi in our life. The way to do that is to start the morning in accordance with Sikhi and make it a part of your life. We are Sikh first, then we are doctors or students. The whole idea of  "IK '' when we say "IK Onkar '' (One Universal Creator God)  is that we want to become IK with the whole world and not just with Vaheguru Ji (Wonderous Enlightener) because the whole world is Vaheguru Ji. When we become one with this world, we become one with Vaheguru Ji anyway.

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How to Find True Happiness
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We look for Sukh (peace), but we don’t get Sukh. In our minds, we have an idea of what we think we need in order to be happy. However, what happens when these things are attained and we still aren’t happy? Could it be that our desires are wrong? Guru Sahib Ji tells us that if you ask for the right thing, then you can have everlasting happiness.

If internally you are ready to not live inside this worldly illusion anymore, then you’ll be fed up with Maya (Ilusion). If you are not fed up with Maya yet, then you’ll continue to suffer. But at some point, you’ll get fed up. Do Ardaas (humble request) to Maharaj Ji (Great King, referring to Guru Ji): show me the end of this Maya. Let me find Naam (connection to the Divine). If you ask for the right thing, Maharaj Ji can give you true happiness! Take the sanctuary of God, if you want happiness forever. Naam is the ultimate Truth and the worldly illusion of Maya is false.

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Is Multitasking Good For You?
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A lot of people think that multitasking is a cool thing to do. There are some studies going on that show people who do many things at one time, get a false sense of pride thinking that they are doing so amazing because they are able to do multiple things at the same time. Studies suggest that multitasking could cause a breakdown or a burnout. It was very common that people would have the music on in the background whilst they're driving the car and enjoying the moment but nowadays we even try to watch a video or read an article while driving a car. This is taking us further and further away from experiencing Life, the Source of Life, and the manifestation of Nirankaar (formless), that formless One Divine.

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How Does Guru Nanak DevJi Show Humility in Jap Ji Sahib?
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Guru Nanak Dev Ji shows such a Gareebi (humility) in Jap Ji Sahib (First Sikh prayer recited daily). You read it every day though you may not have noticed this. There are three Asankh (many types of people) Pauria (stanzas) in Japji Sahib. Guru Nanak Dev Ji doesn’t include their name in the Asankh Jap stanza, referring to all types of spiritual people in this world. But, amazingly, their name appears in the Asankh Moorakh stanza, referring to all different kinds of sinners in the world. In this stanza, the true king (Guru Nanak Dev Ji) says that I am a fool. In such subtle ways, Guru Ji shows immense Gareebi.

To learn more on this topic, watch the video by Bhai Harman Singh

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What If Our Kids Don’t Want to Follow Sikhi?
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Our job is to teach our kids about Sikhi, Gurbani (Guru’s words) and Itihaas (History). When they get old, let them develop their own Sikhi. They might go away and come back. As long as they know what Sikhi is, that'll be enough. Practice your own Sikhi and show them that you can accept the Hukam (divine Law). We all have our own Lekha (spiritual account) and we come with our own Karams (actions).

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What is the Purpose of Life according to Sikhi?
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Our true purpose in life is to meet and connect with the one who made us, our Creator, Vaheguru. Before doing this, one must realize some simple truths about the soul. The soul is free from all distinctions, has gone through reincarnations and is a part of God. Understanding this, we see that the soul was once connected with God, but now it is separated. To connect back with God, one should go into the holy company of those who are trying to connect with Vaheguru and meditate upon the Naam. Naam can simply mean to connect with the divine, through chanting this Naam we fulfill our life’s purpose. Until we experience this connection happening, this is all just theory. Guru Sahib Ji came here to connect us to the divine and show us this path of truth. 

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Why Pray Daily/Do Nitnem?
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Nitnem is an extremely important aspect of every Sikh's day. It’s like a bath in the morning to make you feel strong and prepared for the day. Then, after being influenced by this world all day, we do Rehraas Sahib in the evening to reconnect. Doing Sohila Sahib before bed washes all the filth accumulated throughout the day and reminds us of our purpose in life. Nitnem is prescribed to us in the Rehit (daily code of conduct), meaning it is Guru Sahib Ji's Hukam (order) that we do our Nitnem every day. Doing Nitnem daily is like having a conversation with Guru Sahib Ji every single day. Another important aspect of Sikhi is to earn Naam, through doing Nitnem daily, we do this and receive that indescribable flavour. At the end of the day, through doing our Nitnem we please Guru Sahib and receive their Grace. To learn more about this topic, check out our article on Why Pray Daily/Do Nitnem?

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Who was Guru Gobind Singh Ji?
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Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth Sikh Guru, was born to Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji and Mata Gujri Ji in Patna, Bihar on December 22nd, 1666 AD. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji had traveled to East India with the family to do Parchaar (spread Sikhi’s message) and settled Their family in Patna while They continued travels. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji was not present at the birth so Mata Gujri Ji named their only son Gobind Rai.

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How was Khalsa Panth Created?
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Creating the Khalsa - On the 1st of the Nanakshahi month Vaisakh in 1699 AD, Guru Gobind Singh Ji asked the congregation of hundreds of thousands of Sikhs “Is there any child of a Sikh, who is willing to give their head?” One-by-one, Guru Sahib asked for five Sikhs who would give their head to the Guru. Guru Sahib took them inside a tent, and some time later, emerged with blood on the sword. Just as the congregation started to disperse, fearing their Guru had gone rogue, Guru Sahib emerged with these five Singhs who were now known as the Panj Pyare (five beloved ones). Guru Sahib had offered them Amrit (ambrosial nectar) inside the tent. After they had received Amrit, they together offered Guru Gobind Singh Ji Amrit.The Panj Pyare are the leadership of the Khalsa—the Guru’s army of the immaculate. The mission of the Khalsa is to work towards “degh tegh fateh” or “food freedom victory” for everyone, regardless of gender, faith, caste or race. Through the Vaisakhi of 1699 and creation of the Khalsa, Guru Gobind Singh Ji solidified the Sikhi ideal of Sant-Sipahi (saint-soldier).

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What is Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji?
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Guru Granth Sahib is the universal eternal Guru of the Sikhs. Guru Granth Sahib Ji is the holy scripture of Sikhs’ that is treated with utmost respect and is respected by Sikhs as a living Guru and not merely a scripture. The original form compiled by Guru Arjan Dev Ji is known as Kartarpuri Bir and is called the Adi Granth. Later on, when Guru Gobind Singh Ji added the Bani of the ninth Guru Ji, that Bir is known as Damdami Bir and was given the  Guruship on 19th November 1708 AD at Hazoor Sahib, Nanded.

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How is Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji structured?
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Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji has been standardised to 1430 Angs (pages). For the most part, the Shabads (Guru’s words) are arranged by 31 Raags. A Raag describes the musical scale, structure and how to create a melody. Each Raag reflects a different spiritual mood or tone and is sung at different times of the day. Within each Raag, the Shabads are arranged in chronological order by Guru, followed by the Bhagats (Muslim and Hindu Saints). The first part includes basic Nitnem Banis (Jap Ji Sahib, Rehraas Sahib and Sohila Sahib), Raag section and the other Banis at the end that are not written in the Raags.

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Who was Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji?
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Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji is the ninth Guru of the Sikhs. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji lived a life of bravery, accepting Vaheguru’s Hukam (will), and advocating for Freedom of Religion. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji was born in the house of the sixth Guru, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji and Mata Nanaki Ji on 12th April, 1621 AD. Guru Ji got married to Mata Gujri Ji. They were the father of the tenth Sikh Guru,Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Guru Ji is known as Hind di Chadar (the protector of Hindustan) because they sacrificed themselves to protect the honor of Kashmiri Pandits and to save Hindu religion. Guru Ji became Shaheed (martyr) on 19th December 1675 AD at Chandni Chowk, Delhi. This place is known as Gurdwara Sri Sis Ganj Sahib now. Guru Ji’s famous composition is known as Salok Mahalla 9.

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What is the significance of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji’s Shaheedi (martyrdom)?
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Mughal leader Aurangzeb decided to make India a Muslim country. He began charging non-Muslims a tax and forcefully converting Hindu temples into mosques. So, Pandit Kirpa Ram Dutt and 15 other Kashmiri Hindu Pandits came to Guru Tegh Bahadur for help. Gobind Rai, Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji’s son, told Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji that They were the best individual to help the Hindu pandits find justice. Guru Ji told the Governor of Kashmir that if he can get Guru Ji to convert, the pandits will also convert. On July 12, 1675, Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji was arrested. Guru Ji was brought to Sirhind. In Sirhind, the Governor kept Guru Ji in prison for four months as leading Islamic individuals tried to convince Guru Ji to convert. Guru Ji did not change Their mind, which infuriated Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb decided to bring Guru Ji to Delhi in a cage. The Qazi (Muslim priest) gave a Fatwa (religious order) that Guru Ji embrace Islam, show a miracle to prove Their divinity, or be prepared to die. Guru Ji still didn’t bow down to fear and convert. Guru Ji became Shaheed (martyr) on Maghar Sudi 5, 1732B i.e. 19th December 1675 AD at Chandni Chowk, Delhi. This place is known as Gurdwara Sri Sis Ganj Sahib now.So many people have given their life to protect their religion and community. Guru Ji gave Their life to protect people from a completely separate religion. While Guru Ji did not wear a Janeyu (sacred Hindu thread), Guru Ji achieved martyrdom so that others could have the right to wear it. This one-of-a-kind Shaheedi (martyrdom) clearly embodies the Sikhi values of equality and prioritizing justice.

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Who are the Sikh Gurus?
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Sikhs have 11 Gurus. They are as follows:

  1. Guru Nanak Dev Ji
  2. Guru Angad Dev Ji
  3. Guru Amar Das Ji
  4. Guru Raam Das Ji
  5. Guru Arjan Dev Ji
  6. Guru Hargobind Ji
  7. Guru Har Rai Ji
  8. Guru Harkrishan Ji
  9. Guru Teg Bahadur Ji
  10. Guru Gobind Singh Ji
  11. Guru Granth Sahib Ji

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How Can We Build a Relationship with Gurbani?
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By considering both the quality and quantity of our time spent with Gurbani, we can begin to immerse ourselves more into it. Also by reading more Gurbani, we start to understand Gurbani more and thus strengthen our relationship with Guru Sahib Ji. Along with financial Dasvandh, dedicating at least 10% of our day (2.4 hours) towards Guru Sahib Ji and Gurbani, is just as important. In addition, integrating Rehit (Code of Conduct) into our lives, makes a big difference within our relationship with Gurbani.

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What Do Sikhs Believe about Christ’s Crucifixion?
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Sikhs respect that Christ was Martyr (Shaheed) and had the ability to forgive the sins of others. We deeply understand Shaheedi/Martyrdom as two Sikh Gurus and many Sikhs throughout our history have given Shaheedi for the Panth. Sikhs also believe that saints who have reached that high state of Spirituality (Karam Khand), have the ability to forgive people of their sins. However, Sikhs do not believe in the notion that one must give blood in order to forgive sins. We disagree with the idea that one must give/sacrifice something to receive forgiveness. Sikhi teaches us that the forgiveness of sins comes from chanting God’s name which is within us and cleansing our insides with Naam (God’s Name). 

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What are the 8 Forms of Kaam?
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 1. Sarvan - Sarvan means listening. You are constantly listening to someone’ body being praised. Such thoughts enter your mind through your eyes and eyes. 

2. Chitvan - Chitvan means contemplating. The lustful thoughts that we hear and watch get ingrained in our mind. Thus, the second form that Kaam takes is Chitvan.    

3. Baat Ekaant - Baat Ekaant means time to speak to a person alone, you want to have a conversation with a specific person in private whether they are the same gender or not.  

4. Kal Karan - Kal Karan means attachment with that person. You are becoming very fond of that person and getting attached to them. 

5. Parja Thampan - Parja Thampan means trying to associate with them anyway. You try to associate with groups or people who that person is associated with. 

6. Parapat - Parapat means to strategize on how to keep that person forever. You will be willing to fight others and sacrifice other things for this one person.   

7. Simran - Simran means remembering that person day and night. You will be constantly living in that person's remembrance.

 8. Keertan - Keertan means praising them day and night. you are constantly wanting to praise or talk about that person whenever you are talking to someone. 

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Why Chant Vaheguru Mantra - Sikhs Vaheguru Simran GurMantar?
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Bhai Gurdas ji states that

ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ ਗੁਰਮੰਤ੍ਰ ਹੈ ਜਪਿ ਹਉਮੈ ਖੋਈ।

His Guru-manta is Vahiguru, whose recitation erases egotism.

He says that the word “Vaheguru” is the Gurmantar. By doing Naam Japna (chant) or Naam Simran (remember) of this Gurmantar, you will lose your Haumai (ego). Haumai (ego) is the biggest illness inside us that keeps us separate from Vaheguru/Creator. The point of Sikhi is to get you away from the sense of separateness from the divine.

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Who was Guru Nanak Dev Ji?
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Guru Nanak Dev Ji was the first Sikh Guru. Guru Ji had Guruship from birth since they were sent by Vaheguru to help humanity. They were born in Rai Bhoe Di Talwandi (now Nankana Sahib) in 1469 AD in the house of Baba Mehta Kalu Ji and Mata Tripta Ji. Guru Ji had a five years older sister named Bebe Nanaki Ji.

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What were Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s Udasis (travels)?
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Guru Nanak Dev Ji was one of the most well-travelled people of premodern history and went on Udasis (travels) to spread the Truth. On those trips Guru Ji traveled several places including across India, Tibet, Mecca, Turkey and Iran. Guru Ji traveled with Bhai Mardana Ji, a longtime Muslim companion, who would play the rabab, an Afghani instrument, every time Guru Ji recited Bani (teachings).

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What are the three fundamental Values of Sikhi?
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These values were emphasized by Guru Nanak Dev Ji as an essential part of Sikhi.

Naam Japna - Recitation of Creator’s Name: having a personal and internal connection with Vaheguru through meditation and Simran (remembering Vaheguru).

Kirat Karni - Earn a Righteous Living: work hard and earn a righteous wage and then share that with others.

Vand Ke Chakna -Sharing with Others: serving everyone regardless of socioeconomic status, gender, race, caste, etc.

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Who is Guru Angad Dev Ji?
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Guru Angad Dev Ji’s original name was Bhai Lehna Ji and was born on Saturday, Vasakhi Sudi 1, 1561 Bikrami which converts into 23rd April 1504 AD. Guru Ji was born in the family of Trehan lineage. Guru Ji’s father was Baba Pheru Mal Ji who worked as a trader. Guru Ji’s mother was Mata Sabrai Ji (Mata Daya Kaur Ji) and Guru Ji was born at a place called Matte Ki Serai (Nagge Di Serai), Ferozepur. Guru Ji got married to Mata Khivi Ji of Khadur Sahib at a young age and had two sons, Baba Dasu Ji and Baba Datu Ji. Guru Ji also had two daughters, Bibi Amro Ji and Bibi Anokhi Ji.

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How did Bhai Lehna Ji discover Sikhi?
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One day, Bhai Lehna Ji heard Bhai Jodh Singh Ji singing the following Shabad (hymns) of Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s


ਜਿਤੁ ਸੇਵਿਐ ਸੁਖੁ ਪਾਈਐ ਤੇਰੀ ਦਰਗਹ ਚਲੈ ਮਾਣੁ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥

Serving Him, peace is obtained; you shall go to His Court with honor. ||1||Pause||


Bhai Lehna Ji felt as if he had found his spiritual home. He traveled to Kartarpur Sahib to visit Guru Nanak Dev Ji and stayed to selflessly serve his Guru. Bhai Lehna Ji did anything Guru Sahib asked of him without hesitation.At the age of 35, after seven years doing seva, Guru Nanak Dev Ji gave Bhai Lehna Ji the name Angad, which means “the limb of Guru Nanak Dev Ji” and installed him as the second Sikh guru.

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How did Guru Ram Das Ji become Guru?
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Guru Amar Das Ji was debating which of Their son-in-laws, Bhai Ram Das Ji or Bhai Rama Ji, to make Guru. Both were dedicated Sevadars. To ensure that there was no conflict, Guru Sahib worked to make the selection process transparent. Guru Ji asked Bhai Ram Das Ji and Bhai Rama to construct a platform. Guru Sahib inspected the platforms and said They wanted Bhai Rama Ji and Bhai Ram Das ji to try again. 3 days later, Bhai Rama Ji got frustrated and told Guru Amar Das Ji that They did not remember the instructions. Bhai Ram Das Ji, on the other hand, asked for the wisdom to do it again properly. Seeing this, the Sikhs were convinced that Bhai Ram Das Ji would be the next Guru for he had a love for seva.

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Who was Guru Arjan Dev Ji?
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On Tuesday, Vesakhi Vedi 7, 1620 BK (14th April, 1563 AD), Sri Arjan Dev Ji was born into the family of Guru Ram Das Ji and Bibi Bhani Ji (Guru Amar Das Ji’s daughter) in Goindwal. He had two older brothers: Baba Prithi Chand and Baba Mahadev.

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How did Guru Arjan Dev Ji get the Gurgaddi (Guruship)?
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From a young age, Arjan Dev Ji had a strong love for Gurbani. He used to do Kirtan on the Sarangi and was well-versed in the different Raags. Additionally, he used to do seva in the Guru’s Langar (community kitchen). When Arjan Dev Ji returned from a long trip in Lahore, Guru Ram Das Ji decided to pass on the Gurgaddi. Guru Ram Das Ji’s other sons were not a good fit. Prithi Chand had too much ego and desire, while Baba Mahadev Ji was too detached. On Bhadron Sudhi 2, 1638 BK (September  18, 1581 AD), Guru Arjan Dev Ji was appointed as the 5th leader of the Sikhs. Guru Arjan Dev Ji had the perfect balance of Naam (remembering Vaheguru), Seva (selflessly serving) and engaging with Sangat and community. Bhai Gurdas Ji describes in his Vaaran:

ਫਿਰਿ ਆਈ ਘਰਿ ਅਰਜਣੇ ਪੁਤੁ ਸੰਸਾਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਕਹਾਵੈ।

Now the Guruship entered the house of Arjan (Dev) who, to say was the son, but, he proved through his good deeds to be worthy of the Guru-seat.

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What did Guru Arjan Dev Ji accomplish as Guru?
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Adi Granth - Each Guru’s bani used to be compiled into separate Pothis (holy books). Guru Arjan Dev Ji decided to compile all the Guru’s Bani into a single text called the Adi Granth. He organized it by Raag. Guru Ji asked Bhai Gurdas Ji, a leading Sikh scholar, to be the scribe. It is estimated to have taken 18 months for Bhai Gurdas Ji to finish this task.

Expanding Amritsar and building Harmandir Sahib - Guru Arjan Dev Ji helped to finish the construction of Amritsar’s Sarovar (step-well with holy water) and oversaw the construction of Harmandir Sahib. The gurdwara has four doors, one in each direction: North, South, East, West. This represents that people from any direction and socioeconomic background can enter the Gurdwara.

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Why did Guru Arjan Dev Ji attain Shaheedi (martyrdom)?
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Jahangir, the Mughal emperor, and other Qazis (Muslim priests) were unhappy with Sikhi’s growing popularity. As such, people spread false stories about Guru Ji helping Jahangir’s son, who Jahangir desperately wanted to punish for revolting. These falsehoods gave Jahangir further incentive to arrest Guru Ji. Jahangir and his associates tortured Guru Sahib for five days. On the first day, Guru Ji received no food, water or rest. On the second day, Chandu made Guru Ji sit in a copper vessel full of boiling water. On the third day Chandu escalated things. Guru Ji was forced to sit on the Tati Tavi (burning iron plate). People poured burning sand on Their head and body. Despite this, Guru Ji remained calm and continued to recite Naam and Shabads. While being tortured, Guru Sahib revealed and spoke this Shabad:

ਤੇਰਾ ਕੀਆ ਮੀਠਾ ਲਾਗੈ ॥ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਪਦਾਰਥੁ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਮਾਂਗੈ ॥੨॥੪੨॥੯੩॥

Your actions seem so sweet to me. Nanak begs for the treasure of the Naam, the Name of the Lord. ||2||42||93||

On the fifth day, Guru Ji asked to take a bath in the Ravi River. Their body was never recovered. Their Jyoti Jot (passing away) occurred on Jeth Sudhi 4, 1663 BK (May 25, 1606 AD. Guru Arjan Dev Ji set a new precedent in Sikhi. Guru Ji was the first Shaheed (martyr). The first person to completely submit Their body to Vaheguru and Hukam. Guru Ji set the stage for the many great Shaheedis (martyrdoms) to come.

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