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Learn from the Sikh Gurus and their lives (coming soon)

1st Guru

Guru Nanak Dev Ji

2nd Guru

Guru Angad Dev Ji

3rd Guru

Guru Amar Das Ji

4th Guru

Guru Raam Das Ji

5th Guru

Guru Arjan Dev Ji

6th Guru

Guru Hargobind Ji

7th Guru

Guru Har Rai Ji

8th Guru

Guru Harkrishan Ji

9th Guru

Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji

10th Guru

Guru Gobind Singh Ji

11th Guru

Guru Granth Sahib Ji

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Who are the Sikh Gurus?
  1. Guru Nanak Dev Ji
  2. Guru Angad Dev Ji
  3. Guru Amar Das Ji
  4. Guru Raam Das Ji
  5. Guru Arjan Dev Ji
  6. Guru Hargobind Ji
  7. Guru Har Rai Ji
  8. Guru Harkrishan Ji
  9. Guru Teg Bahadur Ji
  10. Guru Gobind Singh Ji
  11. Guru Granth Sahib Ji

Watch Videos About Ten Gurus Here

What is a Gurdwara?

The word Gurdwara is pronounced as 'Gur-Dwa-raa'. The word Gurdwara literally means the 'Guru's Door' or 'through the Guru'. Sikhs come here to learn how to live a spiritual and moral life and earn Guru's blessings. Gurdwaras are commonly known as Sikh Places of Worship in the Western world.

Why Do Sikhs Wear Turbans?

A Dastar (turban) serves as a constant reminder that God is forever present. It is an insignia of Guru Ji’s teaching that a Sikh must hold a high level of moral responsibility. A Dastar also gives Sikhs their unique identity and it is a royal crown given to Sikhs by the Gurus. A Dastar symbolizes equality and does not discriminate against anyone. 


Do the Different Colors and Styles Mean Anything?

Essentially, no. Some styles, such as the Dumalla (du=two, malla=materials) were more commonly worn by Sikh warriors. Other styles may be more predominant in certain Sikh communities, such as the triangle style for Sikhs from Kenya.


Do All Sikhs Wear a Dastar?

All Sikhs have been ordained to keep their hair; therefore, most practicing Sikhs will wear a Dastar. Sikhi has no age or gender barriers, so women and children can also wear a Dastar. Some women and younger Sikhs may also wear a variety of head coverings such as a Chunni, Rumaal or Patka. 

It is very disrespectful to touch or ask a Sikh to remove their Dastar. A Sikh will only remove the Dastar in extreme circumstances or when showering/sleeping, while still keeping their head covered. It is not headwear but an article of faith. A Sikh will treat Dastar with great respect even when removing it. 


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What is Vand ke Chakna?

Vand ke Chakna (sharing with others) is an important principle in Sikhi. We should share what we have with others around us, especially the needy. Guru Sahib Ji tells us that hoarding materialistic possessions, being selfish and only looking out for our own needs is not the path of a Sikh.


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Why Guru Gobind Singh Ji Kept a Baaj (Falcon/Hawk)?

A Baaj (falcon/hawk) represents the traits of the Khalsa. Below are the eight reasons for Guru Gobind Singh Ji keeping a Baaj:

  1. Cannot be enslaved
  2. Independent
  3. Flies very high but keeps vision low (Humility)
  4. Chakarvarti (Always moving and unattached)
  5. Never lazy
  6. Flies against the wind (Unique)
  7. Fearless
  8. Royalty (King of the sky)

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What is the Greatness of Satsangat (Holy Congregation)?

Sometimes we wonder why it is so important to go into Satsangat (true/holy congregation)? What is the Greatness of Satsangat?  A lot of the time when we read Gurbani our mind struggles to focus. Guru Sahib teaches us that at this time we should go into the Satsangat where our mind will settle. There are three main benefits of going into the Satsangat: when we go to the Sangat our challenges are solved, our sins are washed away, and our sleeping mind awakes to the truth of Vaheguru. Through the Satsangat our life can change. 

To learn more about this topic, read our article on the Greatness of Satsangat - Advice by Guru Har Rai Ji.


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What is the Greatness of Doing Ardaas and Matha Tek?

One must reap what they sow in this life based on Karma. Upon all of our foreheads, Vaheguru has placed the mark of our fate. When we do Ardaas to Guru Sahib, they bless us with what we ask for. The question now arises, how does Guru Sahib bless us with what we want if our destiny is already pre-written? Guru Gobind Singh Ji once explained this using the analogy of a stamp/seal. If one is to look at a stamp/seal before it is stamped, it will be backwards. Until the seal is stamped onto the paper, it cannot be read. This is the state of our bad actions, when a Sikh bows down and touches his/her forehead onto the feet of the True Guru with utmost faith, then those bad fortunes become obverse. Just like the stamp on the paper, our bad fortune become reversed and become good fortune. Guru Gobind Singh Ji teach us here that bowing down to your Guru with full faith is a great action. To learn more about this topic, read our article on the Greatness of Doing Ardaas and Matha Tek.


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What are the Ten Qualities of a Dharmik (Righteous) Person?

The ten qualities of a Dharmik Person are,

  • Khima - Forgiving nature
  • Ahinsa - Non-violence
  • Daya - Compassionate nature
  • Mridh - Speaking sweetly, polite nature
  • Sat Bachan - Speaking the truth
  • Tap - Meditation, penance, Seva (Selfless service)
  • Daan - Giving nature
  • Seel - Calm and patient nature
  • Soch - Pure
  • Trisna Bina - Without any desire

We should all attempt to bring these ten qualities into our lives. To learn more about these qualities and what the realm of Dharam (Dharam Khand) is, check out our article on the Ten Qualities of Dharmik Person.


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